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Marie-Joseph 1 year ago
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.gitignore vendored

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Version 3, 29 June 2007
Copyright (C) 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this
license document, but changing it is not allowed.
### Preamble
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#### 7. Additional Terms.
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#### 8. Termination.
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However, if you cease all violation of this License, then your license
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Moreover, your license from a particular copyright holder is
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Termination of your rights under this section does not terminate the
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#### 9. Acceptance Not Required for Having Copies.
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occurring solely as a consequence of using peer-to-peer transmission
to receive a copy likewise does not require acceptance. However,
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#### 10. Automatic Licensing of Downstream Recipients.
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#### 11. Patents.
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If, pursuant to or in connection with a single transaction or
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you grant is automatically extended to all recipients of the covered
work and works based on it.
A patent license is "discriminatory" if it does not include within the
scope of its coverage, prohibits the exercise of, or is conditioned on
the non-exercise of one or more of the rights that are specifically
granted under this License. You may not convey a covered work if you
are a party to an arrangement with a third party that is in the
business of distributing software, under which you make payment to the
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work, and under which the third party grants, to any of the parties
who would receive the covered work from you, a discriminatory patent
license (a) in connection with copies of the covered work conveyed by
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license was granted, prior to 28 March 2007.
Nothing in this License shall be construed as excluding or limiting
any implied license or other defenses to infringement that may
otherwise be available to you under applicable patent law.
#### 12. No Surrender of Others' Freedom.
If conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or
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excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot convey a
covered work so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under
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consequence you may not convey it at all. For example, if you agree to
terms that obligate you to collect a royalty for further conveying
from those to whom you convey the Program, the only way you could
satisfy both those terms and this License would be to refrain entirely
from conveying the Program.
#### 13. Use with the GNU Affero General Public License.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, you have
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under version 3 of the GNU Affero General Public License into a single
combined work, and to convey the resulting work. The terms of this
License will continue to apply to the part which is the covered work,
but the special requirements of the GNU Affero General Public License,
section 13, concerning interaction through a network will apply to the
combination as such.
#### 14. Revised Versions of this License.
The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions
of the GNU General Public License from time to time. Such new versions
will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in
detail to address new problems or concerns.
Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program
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If the Program specifies that a proxy can decide which future versions
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Later license versions may give you additional or different
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#### 15. Disclaimer of Warranty.
#### 16. Limitation of Liability.
#### 17. Interpretation of Sections 15 and 16.
If the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provided
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reviewing courts shall apply local law that most closely approximates
an absolute waiver of all civil liability in connection with the
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### How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs
If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest
possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it
free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these
To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest to
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"copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.
<one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.>
Copyright (C) <year> <name of author>
This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
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This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program. If not, see <>.
Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper
If the program does terminal interaction, make it output a short
notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode:
<program> Copyright (C) <year> <name of author>
This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'.
This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it
under certain conditions; type `show c' for details.
The hypothetical commands \`show w' and \`show c' should show the
appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, your
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You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or
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the GNU GPL, see <>.
The GNU General Public License does not permit incorporating your
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applications with the library. If this is what you want to do, use the
GNU Lesser General Public License instead of this License. But first,
please read <>.


@ -0,0 +1,8 @@
# Trees' Street
This is the source code for my personal website and blog.
It's written using Flask in [Hy](, a Lisp which compiles to
Python AST, thence to Python bytecode. Yep, plain old Flask, written in a Lisp! Neat, huh?
* RSS feed?


@ -0,0 +1,52 @@
(import re)
(import [flask [Flask redirect render-template request session url-for]])
(import [blog [retrieve-posts]])
(setv app (Flask __name__))
(setv post-name-regex (.compile re r"\d{4}-\d{2}-\d{2}"))
(defn after-request [response]
Ensure CSS is reloaded on every page refresh.
This just exists for development purposes.
It should be removed or commented out before deployment.
(setv (. response headers ["Cache-Control"])
"no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate")
(setv (. response headers ["Expires"]) 0)
(setv (. response headers ["Pragma"]) "no-cache")
#@((.route app "/")
(defn index []
Path to the landing page
(render-template "index.html")))
#@((.route app "/blog" :methods ["GET" "POST"])
#@((.route app "/blog/<string:post_name>")
(defn blog [[post-name None]]
Path to the blog
;; This should eventually parse a list of posts visible to the user
;; sent with the request and add 5-10 more posts onto it.
[(= (. request method) "POST")
(render-template "blog.html"
:posts (retrieve-posts post-name))]
[(= (. request method) "GET")
(if (and (not (none? post-name)) ; Make sure the user is requesting a valid date.
(none? (.match re
(redirect (url-for "blog")) ; If not, just send them back to the blog.
(render-template "blog.html"
:posts (retrieve-posts post-name)))]))))


@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
Blog helper functions
(import [os [listdir]])
(defn test-retrieve-posts [post-name]
(assert (= (first (retrieve-posts post-name)) (+ "blog/" post-name ".html")))
(assert (= (retrieve-posts None) (lfor post (listdir "templates/blog/")
:if (.endswith post ".html")
(+ "blog/" post)))))
(defn retrieve-posts [post-name]
Retrieve post-name or all posts in blog directory
(setv posts-prefix "templates/")
(setv posts-dir "blog/")
(setv posts-suffix ".html")
(if (none? post-name)
(lfor post (listdir (+ posts-prefix posts-dir))
:if (.endswith post posts-suffix)
(+ posts-dir post))
[(+ posts-dir post-name posts-suffix)]))


@ -0,0 +1,2 @@


@ -0,0 +1,2 @@
export FLASK_ENV=development


@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
This file serves as the entrypoint for Flask
to properly bootstrap Hy.
import hy
from app import *


Binary file not shown.


Width:  |  Height:  |  Size: 894 B


@ -0,0 +1,67 @@
/* General styling */
* {
box-sizing: border-box;
html {
font-family: sans-serif;
background-color: tan;
body {
margin: 0rem;
padding: 0rem;
/* Header styling */
header {
background-color: forestgreen;
font-family: serif;
text-align: center;
padding: 1rem;
nav {
font-family: sans-serif;
padding-bottom: 1rem;
text-align: left;
.nav-item {
padding: .25rem;
color: black;
/* Content styling */
main {
width: 75%;
max-width: 50rem;
margin: 0 auto 0 auto;
padding: 3rem;
text-align: center;
background-color: brown;
footer {
text-align: center;
margin-top: 5rem;
/* Blog styling */
.blog-post {
text-align: left;
border-bottom: dotted;
padding: 0rem 0rem 2.5rem 1rem;
.blog-title a {
color: black;
.blog-show-more {
margin-top: 1rem;


@ -0,0 +1,8 @@
<h2 class="blog-title">
<a href="{{ url_for('blog', }}">
{% block title %}{% endblock %}
<h4 class="blog-date">{% block date %}{% endblock %}</h4>
<summary class="blog-summary">{% block summary %}{% endblock %}</summary>
<details class="blog-content">{% block content %}{% endblock %}</details>


@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
{% extends "layout.html" %}
{% block main %}
<div class="blog-feed">
{% for post in posts %}
<article class="blog-post" id={{ post.lstrip("blog/").rstrip(".html") }}>
{% include post %}
{% endfor %}
<form method="post">
<button class="blog-show-more">Show more</button>
{% endblock %}


@ -0,0 +1,251 @@
{% extends "blog-post.html" %}
{% block title %}A Couple Weeks with the PinePhone{% endblock title %}
{% block date %}2021-04-29{% endblock date %}
{% block summary %}
I got my <a href="">Mobian</a> Community Edition
<a href="">PinePhone</a>
around mid-May and have been living
with it as my only smartphone ever since. In this post, I'd like to discuss a
bit of that experience, the positives and negatives, and some of my hopes for
the future of PinePhones broadly and Mobian specifically.
{% endblock summary %}
{% block content %}
<p class="blog-paragraph">
Firstly, let's just be honest about what the PinePhone is at the moment. Right
now, the PinePhone is a fully-functional smartphone, meaning it can make
phone calls, receive and send text messages (though not, as of now, MMS),
access maps using GPS (although not directed GPS navigation - yet), and access
the internet via browsers and apps. However, what the PinePhone lacks is a well-developed
app ecosystem such as those of Android or iOS. For example, I have yet to find
a way to access Facebook Messenger from my phone, a communication app that was
previously one of the central pillars of my digital communications. Additionally,
I can't use Snapchat or Instagram or Venmo or CashApp or any of the other apps
that are staples on almost any young person's (and most any older person's) phone
these days. In fact, I would argue that it's better to think of a PinePhone as a tiny Linux
computer that can make phone calls and send text messages and use mobile data.
<p class="blog-paragraph">
Now, for those familiar with Linux, this might not sound so bad. There's at
least one program for almost anything a computer can do, often many more; that's
a pretty big app ecosystem! Alas, Linux developers are stretched incredibly thin
and there is as-of-yet little support for the kind of adaptive/reactive scaling
needed to make apps usable on a tiny screen like that of the PinePhone. While
Mobian's default shell, phosh, provides `scale-to-fit`, and other shells
provide similar functionality, this just makes the actual elements of the app
GUI smaller. So, for example, if you `scale-to-fit` GNOME Calendars, it will
all fit on the screen, but each day of the month will be miniscule, the
headerbar will be virtually unusable due to size, and so on.
<p class="blog-paragraph">
Fortunately, this is changing. The recent libadwaita from the GNOME project -
which is functionally GTK 4, a graphical user interface (GUI) toolkit library - includes elements from
libhandy, a GTK 3-friendly GUI library that helps develop reactive apps. Personally,
I've tried to develop with libhandy in the past, and while it's fairly simple
to do using the old-fashioned method of handwriting code to layout one's GUI,
it's much less friendly to the now-preferred GNOME development method of using
XML files to layout an app interface (somewhat like writing a website in HTML
then scripting it with JavaScript). Unfortunately, the GNOME XML format is far
less friendly to handwriting than HTML, and libhandy has to be specially compiled
to work with Glade, the GNOME tool for laying out interfaces, which in turn may
not support libhandy as a first-class citizen depending on version, and so on
and so on. In other words, libhandy was difficult to use due to tooling issues.
As libadwaita displaces GTK 3 and, presumably, libhandy, this should change,
and as it does, apps should be rewritten to be more friendly to mobile usage
by default. Very exciting stuff if you ask me!
<p class="blog-paragraph">
That's about all the knowledge I have of developing for the PinePhone, so let's
turn to my preferred OS and its shell, that being Mobian and phosh. Mobian itself
(linked above) is just <a href="">Debian</a> with necessary
changes to run on the PinePhone. In fact, the project launched on the PinePhone!
The overall goal of the project is to, first of all, make a mainline Linux distro
that is geared towards the PinePhone. What "mainline" means here is that one can
simply install the vanilla versions of programs - such as the Linux kernel itself -
and they will work without any patches or changes. Secondarily, it would like to
become an official Debian Spin, which means it would be supported by Debian as
a whole. For those unfamiliar with the GNU/Linux world, this is a big deal -
Debian is one of the oldest and most venerable distributions of the operating
system, and it serves as the base for most other major distros, notably Ubuntu
and therefore anything based on Ubuntu. In other words, by becoming part of the
Debian project, Mobian would demonstrate to the world that the PinePhone is a
first-class Linux platform worthy of being developed for, and provide it the
support that implies.
I chose Mobian simply because I love Debian. Further, I prefer to keep my software
as vanilla as possible, something Debian and by extension Mobian both share.
<p class="blog-paragraph">
Phosh is simply a spinoff of the GNOME Shell geared towards mobile devices. It
was originally developed by <a href="">Purism</a> for their own
Linux smartphones, but has achieved broader community acceptance in large part
thanks to the PinePhone. As a disclaimer, Purism have demonstrated themselves
tolerant of a variety of bigotry on their social media and communications
platforms, all under the guise of defending "free speech," and therefore I
consciously avoid direct interaction with them or anyone representing them.
Thanks to free software, however, I can benefit from their work without supporting
them. Cool!
<p class="blog-paragraph">
At this point you might be saying, "That's all very neat and cool, Trees, but
what's the PinePhone <em>actually like?!</em>" And to that I say, "Well, hold on
and I'll tell you!" Frankly, the PinePhone is great. I've annoyed my partner
and others in my life because of its quirks - not having Venmo and Messenger,
for example - but I personally would rather not use those sorts of programs anyway,
what with their obsession with tracking users and selling the data gained. That
said, there are some notable problems about which I've made a point of keeping notes.
<p class="blog-paragraph">
Before I get too far away from discussing phosh, let me just talk about what
the actual interface is like. When you press the power button to turn on the
phone screen, by default you'll see the time, the date, an indicator of any
data/wifi connections, and a graphic of the battery state, with an arrow and
the instruction to "slide up to unlock" at the bottom. Upon sliding up, you're
greeted with a number pad for your PIN and a simple "unlock" button. From there,
you'll see the app tray, with local search bar and your "favorites" apps shown by their icons in
a top section, and everything else shown as icons and names below it. When I
first booted my PinePhone, I was able to close this and simply see the wallpaper
and headerbar, but this has since been changed. At the top of the logged-in
screen at all times is your headerbar, as is common for the smartphone metaphor,
which shows, from left to right, data connectivity, wifi, date and time, current
keyboard language (if you use more than one), and battery indicator. If you tap
this bar, you will see icons for, from left to right and top to bottom, data,
wifi, bluetooth, battery, screen rotation, notification on/off, the flashlight
(although this only works under Purism's OS), and whether the phone is docked
(that is, connected to a screen and keyboard so as to function as a computer).
Below this are two sliders, the top one for sound and the bottom one for screen
brightness. Now, on to complaints!
<p class="blog-paragraph">
On the hardware side, there are a few things which might be annoying to most
users. Most glaringly, the actual CPU and chipsets are older - they come from
2015 and were roughly mid-tier even then. Perhaps more painfully, the battery
is pretty small, and kernels earlier than 5.10 have pretty terrible power usage
optimization for the PinePhone. I've heard 5.11 is supposed to change this,
but due to the Debian Bullseye freezes, I've yet to try it myself. The next major
issue - and one which does bother me - is the camera. Now, I'd become habituated
to the quality of Pixel phones, which combine excellent physical cameras (for
smartphones, anyway) with Google AI which optimizes them to be even better. The
PinePhone camera, by contrast, is 5 megapixels, and the Mobian camera app,
Megapixels, requires some C hacking that ultimately passes images to a shell script. This means the
pictures it takes tend to be rather lackluster. Don't get me wrong, they're
sufficient for just snapping a quick pic of an interesting scene, but you probably
won't be doing artistic or professional photography on it, at least not yet.
<p class="blog-paragraph">
Megapixels brings me to the software problems I've encountered. Megapixels itself
has a habit of freezing up the phone while saving a picture, and sometimes the
saving itself fails. Other times, it crashes or phosh itself. When it does
work, though, it's... Fine. There are no fine-tuning controls yet, settings aren't
enabled, and the GUI doesn't recognize screen orientation. Additionally, if one
has a preferred format for saving their pictures, it's not obvious that
this has to be changed in the actual script - and some formats require
other programs to work properly.
<p class="blog-paragraph">
On the note of crashes, while writing this,
the podcast app I use, GNOME Podcasts, just crashed phosh, so let's talk
about it a bit. I drive for my job, so I listen to a lot of podcasts, and the
only app I've found in the GNOME ecosystem that has paid attention to smaller
screens is GNOME Podcasts. This would be fine, except for a few things. Firstly,
it's only available (on Mobian so far) as a Flatpak. This means it has higher
on-disk overhead and runtime overhead than something downloaded through the
Debian package manager apt - although updates are nicer because it only downloads
the binary data that has actually changed. The other problem with this is that,
as of now, it doesn't disable suspend, so the phone will go to sleep without some
help to make it see that something's being played. I use <a href="">
Suspend Guard</a>. However, I've noticed that when podcasts are playing, the
phone becomes less responsive - it takes longer to load the login screen, it
takes longer to register my PIN, and sometimes it doesn't work at all or
crashes randomly if I try to login while something is playing. Additionally,
there are odd bugs around phone calls - I usually can't hear the other person
if I receive a call, and sometimes the system doesn't switch back to the
rear speaker after a phone call. I suspect this is a side-effect of the
interaction between Flatpak and Suspend Guard.
<p class="blog-paragraph">
I mention these two programs together because they are exceptions which should
disappear as more development time goes into the broader PinePhone ecosystem,
but which are exceptionally annoying for the time being. Other than these,
there are really only two complaints I have about the default Mobian software,
both related to the keyboard, Squeekboard. The French Squeekboard layout lacks
guillamettes, the French equivalent of quotation marks. While modern French
people tend to use guillamettes and quotation marks interchangeably, I prefer
the more classic notation, so I find this bothersome. Of course, Squeekboard
layouts can be modified by the user, so I could simply add these to the French
keyboard layout and open a pull request to have them merged into the mainline
app - probably not a bad idea. The other complaint is that the Squeekboard
emoji set is relatively limited, but this is a very minor issue that, again, I
could theoretically resolve myself with just a bit of research and typing.
<p class="blog-paragraph">
There is one major failure of Mobian and, as far as I know, all PinePhone
operating systems at the moment which must be noted. Namely, there is
little to no accessibility software. This came to my attention when a
blind user on Mastodon mentioned it in a broader thread on the failures of
the FOSS community to take into account the needs of disabled people,
specifically himself, when writing software and developing systems. Indeed,
some of the responses to that thread were so hostile, tone-deaf, or ignorant
that they serve as perfect examples of the stereotype that FOSS developers are, as a
rule, assholes. I care about this for two reasons. First and foremost, I
truly believe in the ideals behind software freedom, which initially and
most fundamentally seeks to ensure that everyone may use any software.
Indeed, the GNU Project came into being to ensure everyone would have
access to the Unix operating system, or at least something very similar
to it. By failing or outright refusing to make the necessary accommodations
for disabled users, these developers are failing to live up to that most
fundamental ideal. Secondly, I will one day - should I live long enough -
lose my sight. I would like for that not to kick me out of the FOSS club,
too. If you are a developer reading this, please take into account all the
challenges your users may face, whether those be vision, hearing, motor
control, developmental, or any other, insofar as you are able. Seek out the
input of users from the broadest spectrum of humanity that you can (within
reason - there's no need to consult laypeople on, say, software used for
quantum physics research, for example). In doing so, you will help live up
to the core, implicit, beautiful ideals which have created so much of the
world's software today.
<p class="blog-paragraph">
As for the future, I think all of us are looking forward to a PinePhone 2 with
more modern and, ideally, performant hardware. I know I'll gladly upgrade even
if the PinePhone 2 costs significantly more. In the meantime, there is <em>a lot</em>
of optimization to be done on the software front. As I already mentioned, battery
support is improving, as is mainline kernel support; apps are being transitioned
to more friendly GUI toolkits; and there are plenty of things most people expect
from a smartphone which have yet to be implemented for the PinePhone. For example,
just the other day someone asked me about OTP apps. I don't use this technology
and so couldn't point them to a solution, but from what I can tell their usecase
isn't yet supported. The other major thing I'm looking for in terms of PinePhone
development is a *BSD-based OS. While the BSDs tend to lack the kinds of things
smartphones - especially budget-tier smartphones like the PinePhone - need -
namely power optimization and respect for limited hardware - the overall design
of BSDs tends to be more stable and efficient from the start. There are no
duplicate syscalls as in the Linux kernel, for example. Besides, Darwin underlies
iOS and is a fork of FreeBSD, so there's already a demonstrated success story
for a BSD on a smartphone.
<p class="blog-paragraph">
I can't really think of anything else to say about the PinePhone at the moment,
so to summarize, the PinePhone, specifically running Mobian, is a cheap, low-powered
Linux smartphone that can do pretty much all the basic things a phone is supposed
to do while existing in the broader Linux ecosystem. If you're looking for a
new phone and aren't deeply bought into the Google or Apple ecosystems - and
don't mind waiting for pre-orders to go to production and then ship, which may
take several months - I'd say go ahead and get one. The regular package is only
$150 US before shipping, so for a lot of people this wouldn't be a ridiculous
investment even as a secondary phone. And if you're a developer, you'll be able
to participate in the birth of a new smartphone ecosystem, helping shepherd it
into the mainstream. On the other hand, if you regularly use your phone for
photography or use a lot of proprietary, smartphone-specific apps, you might
want to give it a pass, at least for now. While many apps also have websites,
the fact that the phone is the size of a phone and its browsers report themselves
as Android or iOS means it's very difficult to use most of them from the phone.
If you want to see if there are compatible apps for your usecase, check out
<a href="">this list</a>.
<p class="blog-paragraph">
Well, thanks for stopping by Trees' Street; I hope you've found something helpful
here. Until next time!
{% endblock content %}


@ -0,0 +1,106 @@
{% extends "blog-post.html" %}
{% block title %}What a Hy!{% endblock title %}
{% block date %}2021-05-04{% endblock date %}
{% block summary %}
<p>I rewrote my website. In Lisp! In two hours!! Using Flask!!! WTF????</p>
{% endblock summary %}
{% block content %}
<p class="blog-paragraph">
Recently, I've been listening to a lot of <a href="">
FOSS and Crafts</a>, a podcast about free software and broader free culture as well
as a variety of other nerdy topics hosted by Morgan Lemmer-Webber, an art historian
studying Roman textiles, and her spouse Chris, who you may know from their work on
the <a href="">ActivityPub</a> standard and the
<a href="">Spritely project</a>. This latter (or, rather, a
talk on it where Chris mentioned using <a href="">Racket</a>)
inspired me to try to pick up Racket, and
I decided to start by working my way through <a href="">How to Design
Programs</a> second edition (2htdp). Long story short, the
<a href="">Lisp</a>-y language
used for teaching in that book led
me to really fall in love with Lisps (even though, disclaimer! I'm still very much new
to them). While working my way from Wikipedia article to Wikipedia article on the
various Lisp families and implementations, I came across
<a href="">Hy</a>, a Lisp which runs on the
<a href="">Python</a> interpreter.
Seeing that it could use Python modules just like normal, and given my newfound interest
in Lisps, I decided to rewrite my website in it. And, being the FOSS-y advocate I am, I
figured I should write about the experience. So here's that write-up!
<p class="blog-paragraph">
Firstly, let's discuss Hy a bit because I think it's pretty kick-ass. Basically, the
language core parses traditional Lisp
<a href="">S-Expressions</a> and translates them
into a Python Abstract Syntax Tree (AST). This AST is then handed off to the Python
interpreter which compiles it into bytecode (files in the <code>__pycache__</code>
directory). This code can then be called from regular Python as long as the Hy module
has been imported.
<p class="blog-paragraph">
It would be easier to show than explain, so here's a function written in Hy which
produces a Fibonacci sequence:
<!---->(defn fib [l n]
<!----> """
<!----> Produce a list of Fibonacci numbers
<!----> using the list l as the preceding numbers
<!----> and n as the limit
<!----> """
<!----> (if (&lt; (len l) n)
<!----> (fib (+ l
<!----> [(+ (get l -2) (get l -1))])
<!----> n)
<!----> l))
And here's how you would use that in regular Python, assuming it's in <code>fib.hy</code>:
<!---->from fib import fib
<!---->print(fib([1, 1], 8))
Super simple, right? For good measure, here's the above code in Hy:
<!---->(import [fib [fib]])
<!---->(print (fib [1 1] 8))
<p class="blog-paragraph">
So with that little example in mind, it shouldn't be too surprising that one can use
Hy to write a <a href="">Flask</a> app like this
website. In fact, the only requirement as far as Flask itself goes is to have a Python
"shim". Here's mine:
<!---->import hy
<!---->from app import *
In this case, "app" refers to a file called <code>app.hy</code>. I just stuck the above
code in <code></code> and pointed the <code>FLASK_APP</code> environment
variable at it. Everything else is the same from the Flask perspective.
<p class="blog-paragraph">
The actual code translation was pretty simple, too. Besides switching to the Hy syntax
and adjusting some value testing to take advantage of Hy built-ins like <code>none?</code>,
I didn't have to change anything. And even the syntax translation was quite simple
since, firstly, this website is extremely simple (if it weren't for some features of
this blog which are as-yet unimplemented, I could just make it a static site), and,
secondly, I already had tried to use a more functional style of coding I'd learned
from 2htdp. The only problem I ran into was a strange parsing bug that I discovered
was caused by a typo in one of my route decorators. Rather than setting the homepage
URL extension to "/", I set it to "index", which was incorrect no matter the language.
<p class="blog-paragraph">
Overall, my limited experience with Hy has been wonderful, and I'm very excited to use
it more in the future. Given my discovery of my love for s-expression syntax, I'll be
reaching for Hy anytime I previously may have reached for Python. And, Hy is quite
mature; the version I'm using right now is 1.0a1 - or in English, the alpha release
of 1.0. Hopefully in the next couple months the 20-ish outstanding issues will be
cleared up and this delicious Lisp will be a full-fledged release language. I for one
am looking forward to it. If you're looking for a Lisp to pick up with a great standard
library, I would highly suggest giving Hy a look. It can even be run on
<a href="">PyPy</a>!
<p class="blog-paragraph">
Well, that's all I've got for now. Thanks for stopping by, and as I have a habit of
saying, have a good one!
{% endblock content %}


@ -0,0 +1,95 @@
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a copyright notice;
a notice that refers to this Public License;
a notice that refers to the disclaimer of warranties;
a URI or hyperlink to the Licensed Material to the extent reasonably practicable;
indicate if You modified the Licensed Material and retain an indication of any previous modifications; and
indicate the Licensed Material is licensed under this Public License, and include the text of, or the URI or hyperlink to, this Public License.
You may satisfy the conditions in Section 3(a)(1) in any reasonable manner based on the medium, means, and context in which You Share the Licensed Material. For example, it may be reasonable to satisfy the conditions by providing a URI or hyperlink to a resource that includes the required information.
If requested by the Licensor, You must remove any of the information required by Section 3(a)(1)(A) to the extent reasonably practicable.
In addition to the conditions in Section 3(a), if You Share Adapted Material You produce, the following conditions also apply.
The Adapter’s License You apply must be a Creative Commons license with the same License Elements, this version or later, or a BY-SA Compatible License.
You must include the text of, or the URI or hyperlink to, the Adapter's License You apply. You may satisfy this condition in any reasonable manner based on the medium, means, and context in which You Share Adapted Material.
You may not offer or impose any additional or different terms or conditions on, or apply any Effective Technological Measures to, Adapted Material that restrict exercise of the rights granted under the Adapter's License You apply.
Section 4 – Sui Generis Database Rights.
Where the Licensed Rights include Sui Generis Database Rights that apply to Your use of the Licensed Material:
for the avoidance of doubt, Section 2(a)(1) grants You the right to extract, reuse, reproduce, and Share all or a substantial portion of the contents of the database;
if You include all or a substantial portion of the database contents in a database in which You have Sui Generis Database Rights, then the database in which You have Sui Generis Database Rights (but not its individual contents) is Adapted Material, including for purposes of Section 3(b); and
You must comply with the conditions in Section 3(a) if You Share all or a substantial portion of the contents of the database.
For the avoidance of doubt, this Section 4 supplements and does not replace Your obligations under this Public License where the Licensed Rights include other Copyright and Similar Rights.
Section 5 – Disclaimer of Warranties and Limitation of Liability.
Unless otherwise separately undertaken by the Licensor, to the extent possible, the Licensor offers the Licensed Material as-is and as-available, and makes no representations or warranties of any kind concerning the Licensed Material, whether express, implied, statutory, or other. This includes, without limitation, warranties of title, merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, non-infringement, absence of latent or other defects, accuracy, or the presence or absence of errors, whether or not known or discoverable. Where disclaimers of warranties are not allowed in full or in part, this disclaimer may not apply to You.
To the extent possible, in no event will the Licensor be liable to You on any legal theory (including, without limitation, negligence) or otherwise for any direct, special, indirect, incidental, consequential, punitive, exemplary, or other losses, costs, expenses, or damages arising out of this Public License or use of the Licensed Material, even if the Licensor has been advised of the possibility of such losses, costs, expenses, or damages. Where a limitation of liability is not allowed in full or in part, this limitation may not apply to You.
The disclaimer of warranties and limitation of liability provided above shall be interpreted in a manner that, to the extent possible, most closely approximates an absolute disclaimer and waiver of all liability.
Section 6 – Term and Termination.
This Public License applies for the term of the Copyright and Similar Rights licensed here. However, if You fail to comply with this Public License, then Your rights under this Public License terminate automatically.
Where Your right to use the Licensed Material has terminated under Section 6(a), it reinstates:
automatically as of the date the violation is cured, provided it is cured within 30 days of Your discovery of the violation; or
upon express reinstatement by the Licensor.
For the avoidance of doubt, this Section 6(b) does not affect any right the Licensor may have to seek remedies for Your violations of this Public License.
For the avoidance of doubt, the Licensor may also offer the Licensed Material under separate terms or conditions or stop distributing the Licensed Material at any time; however, doing so will not terminate this Public License.
Sections 1, 5, 6, 7, and 8 survive termination of this Public License.
Section 7 – Other Terms and Conditions.
The Licensor shall not be bound by any additional or different terms or conditions communicated by You unless expressly agreed.
Any arrangements, understandings, or agreements regarding the Licensed Material not stated herein are separate from and independent of the terms and conditions of this Public License.
Section 8 – Interpretation.
For the avoidance of doubt, this Public License does not, and shall not be interpreted to, reduce, limit, restrict, or impose conditions on any use of the Licensed Material that could lawfully be made without permission under this Public License.
To the extent possible, if any provision of this Public License is deemed unenforceable, it shall be automatically reformed to the minimum extent necessary to make it enforceable. If the provision cannot be reformed, it shall be severed from this Public License without affecting the enforceability of the remaining terms and conditions.
No term or condition of this Public License will be waived and no failure to comply consented to unless expressly agreed to by the Licensor.
Nothing in this Public License constitutes or may be interpreted as a limitation upon, or waiver of, any privileges and immunities that apply to the Licensor or You, including from the legal processes of any jurisdiction or authority.


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{% extends "layout.html" %}
{% block main %}
<div class="about-text">
Hello and welcome to Trees' Street! Here's where I put the stuff I do. Enjoy!
{% endblock %}


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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1, shrink-to-fit=no">
<link href="{{ url_for('static', filename='styles.css') }}" rel="stylesheet">
<link href="{{ url_for('static', filename='favicon.ico') }}" rel="shortcut icon">
<title>Trees' Street</title>
<h1>You find yourself on a winding path deep in the forest...</h1>
<a class="nav-item" href="{{ url_for('index') }}">Home</a>
<a class="nav-item" href="{{ url_for('blog') }}">Blog</a>
<a class="nav-item" href="">Projects</a>
{% block main %}{% endblock %}
All code (Hy, HTML, Jinja, CSS) for this website is licensed under the <a href="">GPLv3</a>
and available <a href="">here</a>.<br />
All blog posts (the raw text) are licensed <a href="">CC-BY-SA 4.0</a>.


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{% extends "layout.html" %}
{% block main %}
<div class="projects">
Here are some assorted projects I feel like sharing. This will evolve as I do,
so check back now and then!
{% endblock %}